Education Board

Dr. Declan AJ Connolly Ph.D.

Education Board Chairman, Specialty Exercise Science

Dr. Declan Connolly is a Professor of Physical Education and Exercise Science at the University of Vermont where he is also Director of the Human Performance Laboratory. Dr. Connolly is a Nationally and Internationally recognized exercise physiologist having published over 300 articles in his interest area of sports performance, muscle adaptation and injury with training. He is currently writing two books, one on ’Basic and Applied Kinesiology” and the other on ‘Heart Rate Training’. He is a past President of the New England American College of Sports Medicine He is Editor of Research Quarterly for Sports & Exercise, a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine, and a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist.

Dr. Declan Connolly is also an Assistant Editor for the Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, an associate editor for JSCR and a member of the Executive Board of the Collegiate Strength and Conditioning Coaches Association. He has several regular sports science columns. He consults to numerous sports organizations including the National Hockey League, the National Football League, US Rowing, US Skiing and has served as a consultant to the international Olympic Committee on several occasions. In addition to his publications in scientific journals his work is widely quoted in the popular media including stories in the NY times, LA Times, London Times, Runner’s World, Prevention Magazine, health magazine, SELF and many others. His work appears on over 70000 websites and has been the subject of news stories on Fox, BBC, CBS, and numerous other TV and radio stations. He was integral in the research behind the startup sports drink company Cherrypharm.

As an athlete, Declan was a 3 time national age group road cycling champion in Ireland, where he grew up.He has also played representative rugby and currently coaches the University of Vermont Men’s Rugby team. More recently he has turned his attention back to endurance sports and has completed multiple triathlons from sprint distance to ironman, and several ultra marathon swims. Declan lives in Burlington, Vermont with his wife Shannon and four children, Kiaran, Fiona, Cillian, and Nuala.

Dr. Declan AJ Connolly

Fellow American College of Sports Medicine
Associate Professor, Program Director of Physical Education
Director of Human Performance Laboratory
University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05401
Work (802)-656-8468, Home (802)-865-6865
Email: dconnoll@zoo.uvm.edu
Web-site: www.uvm.edu/~dconnoll

Current Professional Positions

2005-2009: Editor, Physiology Section: Research Quarterly for Exercise & Sport.
2009: Board of Advisors, VTRIM, UVM’s research based weight loss program.
2006-2007: Past- President of the New England American College of Sports Medicine.
2007-2009: Editorial Board, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.
2005-2006: President of the New England American College of Sports Medicine.
2005-2009: Board of Directors and Consultant Physiologist, CherryPharm Nutraceuticals.
2005-2008: Chair of National Health Objectives & Strategic Health Initiatives Committee.
2006-2009: Associate Editor: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
1997-2009: Assistant Editorial Board: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical fitness.
2006-2009: Board of Directors, Collegiate Strength & Conditioning Coaches Association.

Current Employment

Professor of Physical Education & Exercise Science at the University of Vermont.
Teaching Responsibilities: Exercise Physiology; Kinesiology; Research Methods; Senior Research Seminar; Exercise Prescription for Sport, Health, Fitness, & Performance; Science of Strength Training and Conditioning. Certified Personal Training.

Education

Ph.D. Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA. 1995.
Major: Exercise Physiology and Nutritional Biochemistry.

MSc. University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA. 1990.
Major: Exercise Physiology & Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Post-Graduate Certificate in Education. University of Ulster (N.Ireland). 1987.
Major: Physical Education & Communication. Licensed Physical Education Teacher.

BA (Hons).University of Ulster (N.Ireland). 1986.
Major: Sports Studies, 1986.

Awards, Recognitions, & Promotions

2007: Nominee for National Strength & Conditioning Association “Educator of the Year’
2006: Received “NSCA Award of Appreciation” for services in promotion of certification standards, by National Strength and Conditioning Association.
2006: Nominee for National Strength & Conditioning Association “Educator of the Year’
2006: Recertified with Recognition and Distinction by the National Strength and Conditioning Association.
2003: Received the Vermont Governor's Award (Ray Sparks Memorial Award) for contribution & services to the promotion of Physical activity and Health in Vermont.
2003: Nominated for Outstanding Student Advising at UVM.
2001: Promoted to Associate Professor with tenure.
2001: Awarded Outstanding Student Advisor at UVM by Department of Student Life.
2000: Nominated for Maurice-Kroepsch Award for Teaching Excellence.
2000: Nominated for Outstanding Student Advising at UVM.
2000: Appointed Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine.
1999: Nominated for Outstanding Student Advising at UVM.
1989: Recipient: James R. Reid Memorial Scholarship at the University of Rhode Island, for "outstanding academic achievement, professional involvement and dedication to field of study."

Consultancy Experience (Strength and Conditioning)

2007-Current: Consultant Strength & Conditioning, Chicago Blackhawks, NHL.
2003-2008: Consultant Advisor EUSA Skiing.
2006-Current: Advisory Board, Sports Science Institute for Northern Ireland.
2005-Current: Board of Directors, Collegiate Strength & Conditioning Coaches Association.
2006-Current: England Rugby Football Union.
2006-Current: Tottenham Hotspurs Premiership Soccer.
2005-Current: United States Rowing Organization.
1997-Current: New York Rangers, NHL.
1999-Current: Physiological consultant to US Junior Alpine Skiing.
1996: International Olympic Committee Atlanta Games.
1992: International Olympic Committee Barcelona Games.
1988: Fitness Advisor New York Jets National Football League.

Publications
Books

Currently two books under contract:

  1. Basic and Applied Sports Kinesiology: Mc Graw Hill. Publication date 1/2011.
  2. The Science of Heart Rate Training: Human Kinetics. May 2010.

Peer Reviewed Manuscripts (N=25)

2006: Connolly DAJ, Padilla-Zakour O, Mc Hugh MP. The efficacy of tart cherry juice in treating the symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. British Journal of Sports Medicine: l 40 (8), 679-683.

2006: La Roche D & Connolly DAJ. Effects of Stretching on Passive Muscle Tension and Response to eccentric Exercise. American Journal of Sports Medicine. June; Vol 34; 1000-1007.

2006: Tourville T, Connolly DAJ, & Reed B. The effects of high volt pulsed current treatment on delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal of Sports Sciences. Vol 24 (9):941-949.

2006: Connolly DAJ, Lauzon C, Agnew J, Dunn M, Reed B. The effects of Vitamin C supplementation on symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal of Sports Medicine & Physical Fitness. Vol46 (3): 462-467.

2003. Connolly DAJ, Brennan KM, & Lauzon CL. Effects of Active versus Passive Recovery on Power Output during Repeated Bouts of Short
Term High Intensity Exercise. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. Vol 2 (2) 47-51.

2003. Connolly DAJ, Sayers SP & Mc Hugh MP. Treatment and Prevention on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. Vol 17 (1), 197-208

2003. Murphy D, Beynnon B & Connolly DAJ. Risk Factors for Ankle Injury: A literature Review. British Journal of Sports Medicine Vol 37 (1), 13-29.

2002. Connolly DAJ. Energy expenditure during snow shoeing at low level walking speeds. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Vol 16 (4), 660-610.

2002. Connolly DAJ, Reed BV, Mc Hugh. MP. The Repeated Bout Effect: Does Evidence for a Crossover Effect Exist? Journal of Sports Science and Medicine: Vol 1 (3): 80-86.
2002. Connolly DAJ. Is your Training Heart Rate zone accurate? Strength and Conditioning Journal. Vol 24 (4), 110-113.

2002. Connolly DAJ, Henkin J, & Tyzbir R. Changes in selected fitness parameters following six weeks of snowshoe training. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. Vol 42:1: pp14-18

2001. Mc Hugh MP., Connolly DAJ., Eston RG., Gartman EJ., & Gleim GW. Electromyographic analysis of repeated bouts of eccentric exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol 19: 163-170.

2000. Connolly DAJ & Wilcox A. The effects of an application of suncream on selected physiological variables in the heat. The Journal of  Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. Vol 40: 2: 35-40.

2000. Mc Hugh MP, Connolly DAJ., Eston RG., Kremenic IJ, Nicholas SJ & Gleim G. Electromyographic analysis of exercise resulting in symptoms of muscle damage. Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol 18: 2: pp163-172.

1999. Henkin JA., Connolly DAJ., Tyzbir RS. Snowshoe training improved fitness independent of diet. FASEB Journal, 13 (4) A419, part 1.

1999. Mc Hugh MP., Connolly DAJ., Eston RG., Kremenic IJ, Nicholas SJ & Gleim G. The role of passive muscle stiffness in symptoms of exercise induced muscle damage. American Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol 27:5: pp594-599.

1999. Mc Hugh MP., Connolly DAJ., Eston RG., Kremenic IJ, Nicholas SJ & Gleim G. Exercise induced muscle damage and potential mechanisms for the repeated bout effect. Sports Medicine, March 27 (3); 157-170.

1997. Tricker R., & Connolly DAJ. Drug education and the college athlete: an analysis of the attitudes of student athletes at risk. Journal of Drug Education, 27: 2, 105-119.

1996. Connolly DAJ. The effects of 8 weeks of aerobic training on the oxygen cost of walking or running at low levels speeds in sedentary females. Medicine & Science Sports and Exercise,24(5) s44.

1996. Connolly DAJ. Exercise response of cardiac patients using metoprolol during low intensity exercise. Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 (1) 71-72.

1996. Connolly DAJ., Taaffe DR., Snow-Harter C., & Robinson TL. Exercise prescription for bone mineral accretion. Journal of Sports Sciences, 14 (1) 70-71.

1995. Connolly DAJ., Wilcox AR., & Fox S. The effects of an application of sunscreen on selected physiological variables during exercise in the heat. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24 (5) s107.

1994. Connolly DAJ., Robinson TL., Taaffe DR., & Snow-Harter C. Bone mass in competitive swimmers: A comparison with swimmers and controls. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24 (5), s164.

1994. Protiva KW., Snow-Harter C., Gillis D., Connolly DAJ., & Robinson TL. Aerobic capacity correlates with femoral neck, but not spine or whole body bone mineral density. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24 (5), s 165.

1992. Connolly DAJ., Fernhall B., & Mc Hugh MP. The application of Borg's RPE scale in a population with coronary heart disease. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24 (5), s159.

Invited Articles, Columns, Editorials etc. (non-peer reviewed) N = 60

2007: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: A case for two-a-days. Rowing News, Vol 14 (6), pp66-67.
2007: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Honing your Heart Rate. Vermont Sports. October pp16-17.
2007: Connolly DAJ. Sports Medicine: Making the Most of your Muscles. Vermont Sports. September, pp14.
2007: Connolly DAJ. Sports Medicine: Turning off the Heat. Vermont Sports. August, Pp11-12.
2006: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science:The specifics of Tapering. Rowing News, Vol 13 (3), pp 56-58
2005: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Be Cool in the Heat. Rowing News, Vol 12 (7), pp 68-70
2005: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Muscular Considerations: Not all fibers are the same. Rowing News, Vol 12 (5), pp 68-70.
2005: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Lift Now, Row Later. Rowing News, Vol 12 (3), pp 68-70.
2005: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: How much is too much. Rowing News, Vol 12 (1), pp 68-70.
2005: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: The cold war: Upper Respiratory illnesses. Rowing News, Vol 11 (12), pp64-65.
2005: Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: How many times a week should I exercise. Rowing News, 11 (14), pp62-63.
2004. Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Hot & Bothered. Rowing News, Vol1 11(7), pp 64-65.
2004. Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Staying Switched on in the off-season. Rowing News, Vol 11, 9, pp64-65.
2004: Connolly DAJ. Muscle fiber recruitment during high intensity exercise. International rowing News, Vol 11 (3), 46-47.
2004. Connolly DAJ, Sports Science: Fast-Twitch, Slow-Twitch Muscle. Rowing News, May 11, 64-65.
2003. Connolly DAJ, Sports Science: Goodbye barge, hello wheel, Rowing News, Oct 19, 46-47.
2003. Connolly DAJ, Sports Science: Heating costs in the cold winter months, Rowing News, Nov 9, 44-45.
2003. Connolly DAJ, Sports Science: Conditioned to the core, Rowing News, Nov 30, 44-45.
2003. Connolly DAJ, Sports Science: Getting active on the recovery phase, Rowing News, Sept,44-45
2003. Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Deconstructing the German Model, Rowing News, July 20, 44-5
2003. Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: When to paddle and when to pull? Rowing News, May, pp 60-1.
2003. Connolly DAJ. Sports Science: Buying time with periodization. Rowing News, March, pp46-47.
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Turning Back Time: Physical performance across the life-span. International Rowing News, Vol 9:15: pp41
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Reversal of Fortune: Detraining Debunked. International Rowing News, Vol 9:16: pp56
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Setting a weight room routine. International Rowing News, Vol 9:17: pp56
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Performance effects of transmeridian travel. International Rowing News, Vol 9:11: pp51-52
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Travel and Performance: Planes, trains, automobiles and your training. International Rowing News, Vol 9:12: pp45-46
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Changes in Fitness, How long will it take? International Rowing News, Vol 9:6: pp56-57
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Successful temperature regulation strategies. International Rowing News, Vol 9:10: pp40
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Determining heart rate, lactate training zones. International Rowing News, Vol 9:5: pp56-57.
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Exercise and fitness terminology 101. International Rowing News, Vol 8:20: pp59.
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Energy expenditure during rowing. International Rowing News, Vol 9:4: pp54.
2002. Connolly DAJ. In Form: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly: Training at altitude. International Rowing News, Vol 9:2: pp48.
2001. Connolly DAJ. Muscle characteristics and considerations with competitive athletes. International Rowing News, Vol 8:15: pp41.
2001. Connolly DAJ. Anaerobic threshold training. International Rowing News, Vol 8:16: pp49-50.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Understanding physiological adaptations to endurance training. International Rowing News, Vol 8:20: pp59.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Alleviating muscle soreness following strenuous workouts, Vol 8:14: pp 42.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Tapering for peak performance. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:13: pp40.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Developing interval training sessions. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:11: pp32.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Exercise and the immune system. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:9: pp41.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Hydration, what to drink and when. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:8: pp41.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Questions of low body fat? Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:5: pp4p.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Using lactate to monitor Intensity? Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:3: pp43.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Are there benefits to warming up? Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:2: pp42.
2001. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Understanding Plyometrics Continued. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 8:1: pp41.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Understanding Plyometrics. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 7:22: pp35.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: How accurate is your training heart rate calculation? Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 7:17: pp25.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Tapering for improved performance. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 7:16: pp23.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: How important is flexibility? Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 17:5; pp26.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Concurrent aerobic and resistance training. Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 17:12; pp23.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Active or passive recovery for improved performance? Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 17;13; pp24.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Considerations in Fitness Testing. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 6:23: pp26
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Preparing for Off-Season Training. Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 6:22. pp26.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: How much rest cause detraining? Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 6:21: pp27.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Strategies for heat acclimation. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 7:14, pp27.
2000. Connolly DAJ. In Form: Getting back to exercise without too much discomfort. Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 7:3: pp 26.
1999. Connolly DAJ. In Form: A revisit of interval training, long slow distance of high intensity continuous exercise. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 6: 13: pp 25.
1999. Connolly DAJ. Making the transition to longer distances: circuit training. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 6: 18: pp 24.
1999. Connolly DAJ. Improving Aerobic Fitness: Interval, Long Slow Distance or High Intensity Continuous Exercise? Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 6:13; pp9.
1999. Connolly DAJ. Training Tips: Improving your hot weather performance Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 6: pp 16.
1999. Connolly DAJ. Understanding Muscle Fibers during Training. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 6: 3: pp 8.
1999. Connolly DAJ. Physical activity and aging. What you need to know about what you're going to lose: Aging and exercise. Journal of Competitive Rowing, Vol 6: 5: pp 23.
1999. Connolly DAJ. Training or Over-Training. Journal of Competitive Rowing. Vol 6: 6: pp 9.

Internet Publications (Search run on 5/18/06 indicated 17305 websites with Connolly article)

2004. Connolly DAJ. Nutrition for the slopes. http://www.snocountry.com
2002. Connolly DAJ. Take your fitness level up a notch. www.advancefitness.com/news/elliptical.htm
2002. Connolly DAJ. Body fat obsessions. www.rowingnews.com/article.cfm?id=51.
2001. Connolly DAJ. For a workout in winter, Snowshoeing has it all. Wdt.net/editorial/20020120/19640.asp
2002. Connolly DAJ. Planning off-season conditioning. www.rowingnews.com/article.cfm?id=129.
2002. Connolly DAJ. Fast result muscles. Content.gay.com/channels/health/fitness/fastresult.html
2002. Connolly DAJ. Fitness intensity levels. Content.gay.com/channels/health/fitness/intensity.html
2001. Connolly DAJ. Does it matter what time of the day I exercise? www.gymamerica.com/gti/magazine/magazine_article.htm
2001. Connolly DAJ. Short circuits. www.gymamerica.com/gti/magazine/magazine_article.htm/0

Papers in Review

Connolly DAJ, & Rink A. The effects of passively elevated core body temperature on maximal oxygen consumption and time to exhaustion in humans. Submitted to Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sports, September 2005.
Connolly DAJ, & Brennan KM. Effects of sodium phosphate ingestion on VO2 max. Submitted to International Journal of Sports Nutrition, Sept 2005.
Connolly DAJ, & Brennan KM. Effects of sodium phosphate ingestion on Anaerobic power production and time to fatigue. Submitted to International Journal of Sports Nutrition, August 2005.

Expert of Knowledge

2006: Expert witness on behalf of State Attorney’s Office for Boynak versus State of Vermont.
2004: Expert witness on behalf of State Attorney’s Office for Scott versus State of Vermont.
2000: Expert witness on behalf of defense Cridel versus Finn Sauna.

Book Reviews

2005: Kinesiology: Scientific Basis of Human Motion. S. Hamilton. Mc Graw Hill Pubs. 2003: Integrative Exercise Physiology. J Libonati. Prentice-Hall Publishing.
2002: Basic Weight Training for Men and Women. Thomas D. Fahey. Mayfield Publishing, 2001: Perceived Exertion for the Practitioner. Robert Robertson. BMJ Publishing. Review published in British Journal of Sports Medicine, Jan, 2001

Selected Notables and Quotables

July 2005: Runner's World 'Ask the Expert'.
July 2005: Self Magazine's 'Exercise Expert'
May 2004: Interviewed for the NIH website about future directions for Exercise Science.
March 2004: Subject of 'the View' article of research in exercise science: www.uvm.edu/theview
Sept 22nd 2003: Work was subject of New York Times article on ibuprofen use in athletes.
Sept 11th 2003: Interviewed on 'the Garden', as a physiologist for the New York Rangers NHL team.
August 2003: Quoted in SHAPE magazine about treatment methods for muscle injury.
August 15th 2001: Quoted in Burlington Free Press Article 'falling off the aerobic track".
March 2001: Interviewed on WCAX (CBS affiliate) "across the fence".
February 27th 2000: Ashbury Park Press
January 2000: Walking magazine
February 2000: Providence Sunday Journal
June 1999: Runner's World
May 1997: Field & Stream
June 1995: Longevity magazine
September 1995: Health magazine

Keynote/Invited Addresses

2008. Keynote. New England American College of Sports Medicine Annual Spring Meeting. Energy System Considerations in Developing Exercise Training Programs. Boston, Ma, USA.
2004. Keynote. US Ski Federation and VARA National Conference. Training Considerations in Young Athletes. Killington, Vermont.
2004. Keynote Speaker. US Ski Federation Men's National Team Camp. Nutrition and Recovery in Alpine Skiers. Sunday River, Maine.
2002. Keynote Symposium Speaker: National Strength and Conditioning Association: Treatment and Prevention of Delayed onset muscle soreness, Las Vegas, NV, USA.
2002. Keynote Speaker: Tri-State Athletic Medicine: Pharmaceutical, Supplemental and Modality Treatment of delayed Onset Muscle Soreness. Fairlee, VT, USA.
2001. Keynote Speaker: 'The Joy of Sculling'. Individualizing your athlete's program. Saratoga Springs, NY, USA

Invited Presentations

2006: North Country Union School District, Newport Vermont September 6th. “Who cares most who wins”.
2006: National Strength and Conditioning Association Annual Meeting, July 14th Washington, DC. Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: What does the research tell us to do?
2005: Eastern United States Ski Association Annual Meeting. October 23rd Okemo, Vermont. Rest and recovery Considerations in Young Athletes.
2005: Eastern United States Ski Association Annual Meeting. October 23rd Okemo, Vermont. Energy Expenditure and Training in Elite Alpine Racers.
2005.(January 2-12th ). US Swimming. Consultant Physiologist at Winter Training Camp, Dorado, Puerto Rico.
2005. (January 18th). Easter US Ski Association Elite Junior Camp. Lake Placid, New York. Developing Coordination in Young Athletes.
2005. (January 19th). New England American College of Sports Medicine. President-Elect Presentation on 2005 conference. Westfield, Mass.
2005. (January 20th). Easter US Ski Association Elite Junior Camp. Lake Placid, New York. Core Strength Development in Junior Nationals.
2005. (February 6th). National Strength and Conditioning Association State Meeting, Burlington, Vermont. Adaptations to Endurance Training.
2005. (February 9th). US Ski Federation, Sugarbush, Vermont. Rest and Recovery for improved performance. Elite Technical Camp.
2005. (February 22nd). University of Ulster, N. Ireland. Treatment and Prevention of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness.
2005. (March 16th). Guilderland School District, New York. Invited speaker for teacher in-service. Creating activity programs for schools.
2005. (February). Vermont National Strength & Conditioning Association. Adaptations to Endurance Training. Burlington, VT.
2004. (July). Vermont National Strength & Conditioning Association. Speed and Power Development in Athletes. Burlington, VT.
2004. (November). Appointed President Elect of New England American College of Sports Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island.
2004. (December 11th). US Ski Federation Women's National Team Camp, Burke, Vermont. Invited Speaker. Nutrition and Recovery in Alpine Skiers.
2003. (October) Invited Keynote Speaker: United States Ski Federation & Vermont Alpine Racing Association. Nutrition in Recovery and Performance of Alpine Racers. Killington, VT, USA.
2002. (October) Invited Speaker: Vermont Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Developing strength training programs for competitive teenagers. Norwich, VT, USA.
2002. (November) Invited Symposium Speaker: New England American College of Sports Medicine. Fitness testing for the competitive season. Providence, RI, USA.
2002. (May) Invited Speaker: Tri-State Athletic Medicine: Considerations for Strength Training Adolsecents. Fairlee, VT, USA
2002. (March) Invited Speaker: Vermont Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Developing safe exercise programs for adolescents. Norwich, VT, USA.
2001. (November) New England American College of Sports Medicine: Pre-season testing of elite athletes: Performance prediction or injury prevention? Providence, RI, USA.
2000. (October) New England American College of Sports Medicine: Delayed onset muscle soreness: Treatment and Prevention. Providence, RI, USA.
2000. (June) American College of Sports Medicine: The repeated bout effect: A central or local mechanism? Indianapolis, IN, USA.
2000. (June) American College of Sports Medicine: The physiological characteristics of elite junior alpine skiers. Indianapolis, IN, USA.
1999. (October) New England American College of Sports Medicine: The Science of Winter Training: Snowshoeing to Skiing. Providence, RI, USA.
1999. (October) New England American College of Sports Medicine. Is the Repeated Bout Effect Attributable to a Neural Mechanism? Providence, RI, USA.
1999. (October) New England American College of Sports Medicine: Understanding Eccentric Muscle Damage: Fads and fallacies about treatment and effect. Providence, RI, USA.
1999. (October) Department of Nutrition Sciences, UVM. Seminar on understanding exercise induced muscle damage. Burlington, VT, USA.
1999. (November) Department of Physical Therapy, UVM. Treatment of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness: Understanding the etiology. Burlington, VT, USA.
1999. (June) American College of Sports Medicine. The energy expenditure of snowshoeing in packed vs unpacked snow at low level walking speeds. Seattle, WA, USA.
1999. (June) American College of Sports Medicine. Changes in fitness parameters following six weeks of snowshoe training. Seattle, WA, USA.
1999. (April) FASEB. Maximum oxygen consumption can be improved following six weeks of snowshoe training. Baltimore, MD, USA.
1999. (March) VAHPERD. A regression equation to predict maximum oxygen consumption from field tests. Norwich, VT, USA.
1999. (February) University of Vermont Department of Physical Therapy. Bone Mineral density in athletes. Burlington, VT. USA.
1998. (October) Vermont Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. Burlington, Vermont. Training the Young Athlete: Science or Common Sense.
1998. (October) New England American College of Sports Medicine, Providence, RI, USA. Changes in fitness parameters following six weeks of snowshoe training.
1998. (June) American College of Sports Medicine, Orlando, FL, USA. The H:Q ratio is low in elite female collegiate athletes.
1997. (September) New England American College of Sports Medicine, Providence, RI, USA. Symposium Lecture: Monitoring Exercise Intensity: Is RPE a Useful Alternative to Heart Rate in a Health Fitness Setting?
1997. (September) New England American College of Sports Medicine, Providence, RI, USA. Selected performance characteristics of elite female college basketball players.
1997. (September) New England American College of Sports Medicine, Providence, RI, USA. Body composition changes over an 18 week period in a female beginner body builder: A single subject study.
1997. (September) New England American College of Sports Medicine, Providence, RI, USA. A comparison of rectal, tympanic, oral and axillary temperatures during steady state exercise.
1997. (June) American College of Sports Medicine, Denver, CO, USA. Effects of recovery mode on power output in repeated bouts of short term, high intensity exercise.
1996. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science, Lilleshall, UK." Increased time to peak power in older highly trained cyclists".
1996. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science, Lilleshall, UK. "The effects of a low impact aerobic warm up with breathing exercises on the onset of exercise induced asthma in children".
1996. British Association of Sport and Exercise Science, Lilleshall, UK. "The effect of eccentric muscle activity on blood lipoprotein concentration in young healthy women".
1996. American College of Sports Medicine, Cincinnati, USA."The effects of eight weeks of aerobic training on the oxygen cost of walking or running at low levels speeds in sedentary females."
1995. British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES), Belfast, N. Ireland. "Exercise prescription for the accretion of bone mineral density."
1995. British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Belfast, N. Ireland. "Exercise prescription in cardiac patients undergoing beta blocker therapy."
1995. British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Belfast, N. Ireland. "Psychological affect at different ratings of perceived exertion in high and low active women: Implications for exercise promotion." American College of Sports Medicine, Minneapolis, USA. "The thermoregulatory effects of an application of sunscreen during exercise in the heat."
1995. Welsh Sports Council, Caernarfon, Wales. Invited speaker for Athletes Symposium on Nutrition and Sports Performance.
1995. International Olympic Committee & Hong Kong Association of Sports Medicine & Sports Science, Hong Kong. Invited speaker at The International Olympic Conference Sports Medicine Course on Female Athletes.
1994. University of Wales, Bangor. Division of Health and Human Performance. Invited speaker to Departmental Seminar on "Physiological responses to exercise in the heat".
1994. American College of Sports Medicine, Indianapolis, USA. " A comparison of bone density profiles among swimmers, gymnasts and controls".
1994. Corvallis, OR, USA. Invited speaker at The Good Samaritan Patient Education Program. " Cholesterol: The role of diet and exercise."
1992. American College of Sports Medicine, Dallas, USA. "The application of Borg's RPE scale in a population with coronary heart disease".
1990. Rhode Island, USA. Invited speaker to The Rhode Island Women's Help Group. "Exercise as a preventive therapy for osteoporosis in the middle aged woman".
1990. Massachusetts, USA. New England American College of Sports Medicine. " Current monitoring techniques used in cardiac rehabilitation".
1990. Rhode Island, USA. Invited speaker to The New England Association of School Teachers. " Cholesterol: A growing awareness, fact and fiction about its role".

Professional Activity

2005: Invited Reviewer: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
2005: Invited Reviewer: International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism.
2004: Council member UVM Wellness Advisory Council.
2003: Invited Reviewer: Journal of Sports Sciences.
1999-current: Exercise Physiologist to New York Rangers Professional Hockey Team.
2003: New England American College of Sports Medicine Executive Business plan committee.
2001-present: Advisor to the President's and American College of Sports Medicine Joint Council to establish guidelines for nations 'Healthy People 2010'.
2001-present: Exercise Physiologists of Vermont State 'Ladies First" statewide health initiative.
2001: Invited board member for the Vermont Wise Women's Health Initiative.
1999-present: Advisor to Vermont Governor's Health Initiatives for 'Healthy Vermonters 2000'.
2001: Interviewed guest on Channel 3 CBS show "Across the Fence" discussing strength and aging.
2000: Appointed Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine.
1998-2001: Physiology/Fitness advisor for Vermont Governor's Council.
1998-current: Exercise Physiologist columnist for Journal of Competitive Rowing.
1999. Physiologist for Vermont Task Force for Physical Activity Guidelines for Year 2000 & 2010.
1998-Present: Nominated and Elected as Member at Large for New England American College of Sports Medicine (NEACSM) Executive Committee.
1999-2004: Chair NEACSM Marketing Committee.
1999-2002: Chair NEACSM Scholarship Committee.
1997-current: Invited reviewer for Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise.
1997-current: Editorial Board Member for Journal of Sports Medicine & Physical Fitness.
1996-current: Invited reviewer for Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation.
1995-current: Invited reviewer for Speculations in Science and Technology.
1995-current: Invited reviewer for the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
1997-1999: NEACSM Program committee representative for health and fitness.
1996 - 1998: Vermont State Representative for NEACSM.
1996 -current: Executive Committee Member for NEACSM.
1997-1999: Abstract reviewer for the NEACSM annual meeting.
1997-1999: Program committee member for 1998 NEACSM annual meeting.
1989: Consultant exercise physiologist for The New York Jets (NFL).

Past Employment

1994 -1996: University of Wales, Bangor, Wales. Lecturer: Exercise and Health Physiology in the Division of Health and Human Performance.

1991-1994: Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR.
Director/Assistant Director: Oregon State University-Good Samaritan Hospital Cardiac Rehabilitation Program. Graduate research assistant in The College of Health and Human Performance.
1990-1991: Research Asst. Brown University/The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.
1988-1991: Exercise Physiologist Kent County Memorial Hospital, Warwick, RI.
1988-1990: Graduate Teaching Fellow University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI.
1988-1991: Summer camp Director South Shore YMCA, Cape Cod, MA, USA.
1987-1988: PE & French teacher St. Columba's HS, Springwood, NSW, Australia.
1983-1987: Laboratory Assistant: Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland.

Graduate Student advising:

Doctoral
1995-99: Advisor, Malachy Mc Hugh: Neural mechanisms to explain delayed onset muscle soreness and the 'repeated bout effect'.

Masters
2006: Kami Cote (M.ed). Thesis topic undecided.
2006: Gerald Cournoyer (M.ed). Thesis topic undecided
2006: Jane Mc Connell (M.ed). Pharmaceutical intervention in weight loss programs.
2005: Abigail Rink (M.ed). The relationship between critical core temperature and muscle fatigue.
2004: Robert Moylon (M.ed). The relationship between hamstring flexibility and hamstring strains.
2004: Sarah Rogers (M.ed). The relationship between smoking status and breathing efficiency in trained firefighters.
2005: Debra Millon (MPT): A kinetic analysis of Tai Chi Gait in young and elderly subjects.
2005: Christie Lauzon (M.ed): Undecided
2002: Darlene Murphy (M.ed): Can plantar pressure determined by foot morphology predict ankle injury?
2002: Tim Tourville (M.ed): The effects of high volt pulse stimulation on myofibrillar disruption.
2002: Kevin Brennan(M.ed): Effects of cardiovascular fitness on lactate clearance following intense exercise.
2000: Pam Sills(MPT): Physical activity patterns in Vermont school children.
1999: Marjorie Bowen (M.ed): Implementation & success of a group learning weight loss program.
1999: Joshua Henkin (MSc): Changes in fitness parameters following six weeks of snowshoeing training.
1999: Valencia Oxendine(MSc): Attitudes of Division 1 student athletes to supplement.
1999: Ann Naumann (MPT): The relationship of head position to cervical muscle endurance and cervical spine flexibility in healthy adults.

University of Vermont Service

2008-2009: Grant reviewer for Vermont Genetics Network (review 16 grants for yearly february deadline).
2009: Board of Advisors, VTRIM, UVM.
2009: Search Committee member for Chair of Department of Nutrition Sciences, UVM.
2007-2010: College Representative on the University Professional Standards Committee.
2007-2008: Chaired two department search committees, Assistant and Associate Professors in Physical Education.
2007-2008: College Curriculum Review Committee for Programs in Nutrition & Dietetics.
2006-2007: Chaired two department search committees, Assistant and Associate Professors in Physical Education (both failed).
2004-2005: Volunteer assistant coach to Women's Swimming.
2003-2005: Exercise Physiologist UVM Men's Ice Hockey.
2001-2005: Men's and Women's club rugby advisor.
2001-2005: Men's club rugby coach.
2003: Ad Hoc committee in DOE to develop criteria for merit award for department faculty.
2002: Ad hoc committee to evaluate health and exercise science programs at UVM.
2002: Faculty Senate ad hoc committee to evaluate faculty compensation & capital campaign.
2002: Chair of faculty search committee for Assistant Professor in Physical Education.
1999-2003: College Representative on University Financial Policy Committee.
2000- present: ACSM Committee on Strategic Initiatives on Health for 2010.
2000-present: President's committee on Strategic Health Initiatives for Year 2010.
2001: Chair of faculty search committee for Assistant Professor in Physical Education.
1999-present: Program Coordinator for Program in Physical Education.
1999-present: Vermont Governor's Committee for Healthy Living Objectives Year 2010.
1997-present: Chair of Dept. of Education Technology Task Force.
1997-present: Program Review Chair for Program in Physical Education.
1999: Chair of faculty search committee for Assistant Professor in Physical Education.
1999: Chair of faculty search committee for Assistant Professor in Athletic Training
1997-98: Chair of Athletic training self-study program.
1998: Committee member of search committee for Head Athletic Trainer.
1997: Member of faculty search committee for Assistant Professor in Motor Learning and Adapted PE

Professional Involvement, accreditation and Memberships

1998-Present: Member of National Strength & Conditioning Association.
1999-Present: Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist, Recertified with distinction in August 2005.
1999-current: Physiological consultant for WWW. GymAmerica.com, a health fitness web-site.
1988-present. Member of American College of Sports Medicine.
1994-1998. Member of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences (BASES).
1994-1997. Member of the Physiological Society (London).
1994-2000. Member of the American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance.
1994-2000. Member of the Vermont Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation & Dance.
1994-1996. Olympic consultant to the OCI on thermoregulation at The Atlanta Games.
1994. Physiological & Thermoregulatory consultant to the Irish International Football Association for the 1994 World Cup, USA.
1995. Accredited Exercise Physiologist with British Association of Sport & Exercise Sciences.
1996-1997. Member British Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation.

Grant Applications

*denotes sponsoring a student application.
2003: $161, 537.00 to assess a topical 10% ibuprofen gel on delayed onset muscle soreness. (awarded).
2002: $2736.00 to assess effects of Vitamin 'C' on delayed onset muscle soreness. (awarded)
*2002: $2201 grant application to assess effects of high concentration glucose beverage on 15km cross-country ski times. (awarded).
2001: $16450.00 UVM Research Office for purchase of blood assay analysis system. (awarded).
*2001: $2000.00 grant application to assess relationship between ankle EMG activity and ankle instability. (awarded).
*2001: $2000.00 grant application to assess incidence of shoulder injuries in rugby players wearing protective padding. (awarded).
*2001: $2000.00 grant application to assess gait differences in heel strike patterns between males and females. (awarded).
*2001: $2000.00 grant application to assess relationship between upper body flexibility and shoulder injuries in team sports athletes. (awarded).
*2001: $2000.00 grant application to assess relationship between hip flexor flexibility and groin strains in hockey players. (awarded).
2001: $5 million grant to NIH as part of collaborative team to investigate muscle strength loss in elderly and prevention of falls. Principle Investigator Dr. Ge Wu, Co-investigator DAJ Connolly (not awarded, but resubmitted).
2000: $1.7 million grant to Dept. of Health and Human Services. Co-Investigator. (not awarded).
2000. $25,000.00 grant award to Computing and Information Technology for Hardware improvement. Matching grant of $13k awarded.
1999. $100,000.00 P20 Grant application to NIH. Investigating the role of eccentric exercise in functional status of elderly. Co-Investigator. Collaborative effort with Depts. of Physical Therapy, Medicine, Bioengineering. (awarded).
*1999: $2000.00 grant application to assess relationship between hamstring strength and flexibility. (awarded).
*1999: $2000.00 grant application to assess relationship between hamstring strains and H/Q ratio. (awarded).
*1999: $2000.00 grant application to assess energy expenditure during snow shoveling using ergonomically designed shovels. (awarded).
*1999: $3000.00 grant application to assess effects of sodium phosphate on power output of distance cyclists. (awarded).
1999. $20505.00 Grant Application to Tubbs Snowshoes for investigating strength gains following snowshoe training. (awarded).
1999. $4485.00 grant application to University Committee for Research and Scholarship, for 'The protective effect of a prior bout of eccentric exercise: Evidence of a crossover effect between limbs'. (awarded)
1999. $900.00 grant application to Associates in Physical Therapy for 'Mechanisms of muscle damage'. (awarded $750.00).
1999: $18200.00 equipment grant application to Office of the Director for Research for purchase a metabolic testing system. (awarded)
*1999: $2000.00 grant application to assess energy expenditure during snowshoeing. (awarded)
*1999: $2000.00 grant application to investigate choice reaction time changes following acute dehydration (awarded).
*1999: 3 x $1000.00 grant applications to assess reduced muscle damage following eccentric exercise while snowshoeing (all awarded).
1999. $900.00 grant from Physical Therapy Associates to assess mechanisms for the 'repeated bout effect' (awarded).
1998: $2000.00 grant application for Instructional Incentive Grant to UVM. (awarded).
1997. $10,560.00 grant application to Tubbs snowshoes. (awarded).
1997. $4000.00 grant application to Tubbs' Snowshoes for research into physiological responses to snowshoeing. (awarded)
1997. $19000.00 grant application to the RAC within UVM for the purchase of a new customized treadmill for the Human Performance Laboratory. (not awarded).
1997. $5000.00 grant to UVM University Committee on Research and Scholarship to investigate muscle damage mechanisms. (not awarded, awarded in 1998).
1996. The Research Advisory Council at the University of Vermont. Equipment grant for $10, 680. (not awarded)
1996.The Northeast Dairy Food Research Center. Applied for @$100,000 to investigate the effects of high fat dairy products on lipid metabolism during exercise (not awarded).
1996. The University Committee on Research and Scholarship at The University of Vermont. Applied for @$6000.00 to investigate the effects of aerobic training on the economy of selected populations (not awarded).
1996. The British Medical Association. Applied for £13,500 (@$20,000) for investigation into the mechanism for increased reoccurrence of hamstring injuries (awarded).
1995. Applied to the Eric Sunderland Scholarship. Awarded £25,000 (@$37,000) over three years for Ph.D. scholarship for research in the area of cardiovascular disease.
1995. Applied to the Gwynedd Research Council for funding support into the benefits of resistance training in the reduction of cardiovascular risk factors. Awarded £5,000 (@$7,500).
1995. Applied to British Heart Foundation (£75,000) for grant to help establish a university based cardiac rehabilitation program (not awarded).
1995. Applied to Gwynedd Research Council (£10,000 @ $16000.00) for grant to investigate effects of eccentric muscle contraction on cholesterol uptake (awarded).
1993. Awarded $600 from Solace skin care products for consumables during Ph.D. thesis.
1991. Co-authored (with Dr. Ray Tricker) a grant to the NCAA for research into drug use in collegiate athletes. Awarded $70,000).